Radical Reconstruction only exacerbated this fear, and--according to many historians--the fear soon led to the emergence of a new form of absolute racism under the guise of the Reconstruction-era Democratic party.2 Although not all ex-slaveholding Confederates were Democrats, a vast majority pledged their allegiance to the conservative values of the political party which brought about the end.
The Reconstruction Era followed the abolishment of slavery and gave hope to reconnect families and become political, social, and economic equals with the white men who once enslaved them. Sadly, this was all false hope.
Well before the end of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln began formulating a plan to restore the Confederate states to the Union. His Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (December 1863) provided that if at least ten percent of a state's voters in the 1860 election accepted emancipation and took an oath of allegiance to the United States, then the state could form a new government.
This political cartoon from an 1875 issue of Harper's Weekly was a response to calls for removing Union forces from the South in the Reconstruction period. It was printed with a quote from a Birmingham News editorial threatening extermination of African Americans in the South and depicts a Union soldier standing between a cowering African American and a threatening former Confederate.
As more African Americans migrated North in the aftermath of the Civil War, some northerners’ opinions about freedmen changed. Political cartoons can be important evidence for historians investigating popular opinion. In this lesson, students will analyze two cartoons, drawn by Thomas Nast, to chart the evolution of Northern attitudes toward freedmen during Reconstruction.
Our video series includes interviews with scholars of the Reconstruction era who provide insight into this complex history and address questions of freedom, justice, equality, and citizenship that are at the heart of the Reconstruction. We have also developed a complete unit that offers 16 lessons and many primary source documents.
The Reconstruction Era. Blog Exploring the World the Civil War Created. Menu. Home;. Date: December 20, 2019 Leave a Comment on How German Refugee Thomas Nast Invented How Santa Claus Looks Today Back During the Civil War and Reconstruction.. The Father of Modern Political Cartoons by Fiona Deans Halloran published by University of North.
Teaching the Reconstruction Era Through Political Cartoons Nick Sacco January 14, 2020 During this past fall semester I received an email from a curriculum coordinator at a local school district.